What is subduction

Sinking of the oceanic lithosphere sediments, crust, mantleby contrast of density between the cold and old lithosphere and the hot asthenospheric mantle wedge, is the strongest force but not the only one needed to drive plate motion and is the dominant mode of mantle convection.

Subduction produces lines of volcanoes over the subducting plate, parallel to the trench and perpendicular to the direction of plate motion.

The collision of this oceanic material causes crustal thickening and mountain-building. Subduction zones burrow deeply but are imperfectly camouflaged, and geophysics and geochemistry can be used to study them. This more magnesium-rich rocks metamorphose into greenschist at conditions when modern oceanic crust rocks metamorphose into blueschist.

Volcanic Activity Another side effect of the subduction process is the creation of volcanoes, as well as increased volcanic activity above subduction zones. The place where subduction begins can move backward relative to the motion of the subducting plate, if the overriding plate moves forward.

This wave activity occurs because earthquakes cause the crust of the earth to snap and rebound. Depending on the particular subduction zone, the angle of descent varies. Why is there much less subduction around the Atlantic than the Pacific. The types of volcanoes associated with subduction are composite volcanoes, also called stratovolcanoes They occur high in elevationl as parts of major mountain ranges.

This flat-slab subduction process is thought to be one of the main causes of mountain building and deformation in South America.

You can help by adding to it. What is a subduction earthquake.


The tectonic plates grate against each other, which often causes earthquakes. Questions for thought What subducts - lithosphere, crust, or mantle. Trenches, accretionary wedges prisms and volcanic or island arcs are key surface features produced by subduction.

This place is known as a subduction zone.


The hotter temperatures and increased pressure found at these depths cause the basalt rock of the sinking plate, also referred to as a slab, to morph into eclogite rock.

The earthquakes that result due to the plates grinding against each other often cause magma to spill out through the trench in submarine volcanoes. Subduction is the driving force behind plate tectonicsand without it, plate tectonics could not occur. Geological Society of America Bulletin.

The exact angle of the subduction depends on the age of the subducting plate; older plates fall at a sharper angle. The Andes and Cascades are volcanic arcs. From the Big Bang to the Ice Age. Subduction allows oceans to close get smaller even as it grows new seafloor at the same time.

Accretionary wedges prism are folded and faulted piles of material that have been scraped off the tops of the subducting lithospheric plates.

Volcanic activity is violent and hazardous. A continental arc results when an oceanic plate moves under a continental plate. Yin suggests that meteorite impacts may have contributed to subduction initiation on early Earth.

What is a typical rate of subduction. The reason for this is that oceanic plates, also known as the oceanic lithosphere, start out as thin and hot sections of earth. Volcanoes that exist along arcs tend to produce dangerous eruptions because they are rich in water from the slab and sediments and tend to be extremely explosive.

Explicit use of et al. This also explains why so many earthquakes originate in the Pacific Ocean near the Ring of Fire. Why is there much less subduction around the Atlantic than the Pacific. This is because seafloor spreading — the process by which new oceanic crust is created — occurs mostly in the Pacific.

Why exactly does this geological process occur. At a depth of approximately 80— kilometers, the basalt of the oceanic crust is converted to a metamorphic rock called eclogite. The process is not a smooth one. The more massive plate, normally a continental will force the other plate, an oceanic plate down beneath it.

These subduction zone-created volcanoes occur in one of two formations: Over time, these plates gradually move away from the mid-ocean ridge where they were born.

The Pacific is concurrently closing overall and growing new seafloor at the East Paicific Rise. Subduction zones are sites of gravitational sinking of Earth's lithosphere (the crust plus the top non-convecting portion of the upper mantle). Subduction zones exist at convergent plate boundaries where one plate of oceanic lithosphere converges with another plate.

Jul 30,  · The big one is coming.


We all know that. We also know the big one might turn out to be the very big one. The mile-long Cascadia subduction zone that's just. Subduction zones circle the Pacific Ocean, forming the Ring of Fire. Credit: USGS. A subduction zone is the biggest crash scene on Earth.

These boundaries mark the collision between two of the. The synoptic model of the Central American subduction zone by Lucke () features the overall geometry of boundary surfaces and first order tectonic discontinuities of the convergent margin, such as the subducted slab of the Cocos plate.


Subduction zones are found where one plate overrides, or subducts, another, pushing it downward into the mantle where it melts. Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle.

Regions where this process occurs are known as subduction zones. Rates of subduction are typically in centimeters per year, with the average rate of.

What is subduction
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